5G to promote the development of smart factories
The Fourth Industrial Revolution or Industry 4.0. is driving the development of smart factories. And 5G will play an important role in this transformation with the advantage of fast connection, low latency, and big bandwidth.
5G and its advantages for the manufacturing industry
5G stands for the 5th Generation of mobile networks, which is superior to 4G. According to the developers, 5G networks will have about 100 times faster speeds than 4G networks today, helping to unlock many potentials. The superiority of 5G in terms of speed, bandwidth, latency, reliability, connectivity, coverage, and security can meet the stringent requirements of the industrial environment, promoting the deployment of industrial Internet, handling many application scenarios on enterprise premises.
Read more: Smart factory: A trend in Industry 4.0
How does 5G promote the development of smart factories?
Manufacturing is one of the industries that invests the most in IIoT systems. Thanks to 5G’s superior capacity and speed, businesses can manage large amounts of data and information from more sources, devices and assets through a single network. As a result, the predictive maintenance efficiency and factory floor operation are also improved.
5G will be the catalyst that unleashes the capabilities of robots, since 5G uses edge computing, data will be closer to the source. This combined with high-speed and large bandwidth advantages will give birth to smaller, cheaper, and untethered robots.
Auto manufacturing is already using co-bots, or collaborative robots, to complete hard-to-reach, dangerous tasks underneath the car. 5G will help these robots become more agile, optimize decision-making time, and quickly adapt to changes. In the future, we will see more types of robots on the factory floor and perform various tasks. These robots will not only help reduce the workload for humans, reduce the cost of workers, build a safer working environment but also help factories optimize production.
5G supports manufacturing companies to be more proactive and flexible in adjusting networks based on needs. With on-premise computing, they will be able to control internal data. In addition, they will eventually be able to separate a physical 5G network into several virtual networks. For example, part of the network in a manufacturing plant can be separated when there is an increase in market demand.
Augmented reality and virtual reality
Manufacturing companies have used augmented and virtual reality. But they have not fully invested because these technologies require big bandwidth to operate. Employees must also be physically connected to the network to use the technologies. With 5G, employees can work anywhere on the factory floor. They will be able to use AR and VR for activities such as training, machine maintenance, data visualization, and design.
AI and machine learning
AI will be an important feature of smart factories in the future, but it needs access to a large amount of near real-time data to operate efficiently. The huge IoT connections and fast speeds of 5G, combined with edge computing power, will allow AI to quickly “learn” from mistakes and make smarter, faster, and more reliable decisions.
The future 5G-based smart factory will focus on the connecting experience. From device connectivity, advanced technology experience to automation and near-real-time network flexibility, 5G will bring breakthrough advances to smart factories, helping manufacturing businesses improve performance, operational efficiency, and safe working environment.
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